Food security

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Ethiopia's economy is largely based on agriculture: the sector contributes 50 percent of the total GDP (2010 data), with 82.5 percent of the population living in rural areas (2013 data) and involving 76 percent of the total labor force (FAO data). Due to high dependence on rain fed systems, decreasing farm size, low soil fertility, severe land degradation, fragile ecosystems and recurrent weather-related shocks, Ethiopia is prone to food production deficits and high livelihood vulnerability. Additional factors, such as high population growth and low adaptive technology capacities, contribute to make Ethiopia one of the most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change, further exacerbating the food insecurity of more than 70 million poor people, of a total more than 90 million, whose survival depends on farming and/or sheperding.


LEAP is the Government of Ethiopia’s national food security early warning system. It provides estimates of the number of people who will be in need of food assistance due to drought, increasing the speed with which a humanitarian response can be triggered.